Smart Environment: An important pillar of Smart Cities Mission

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What is Smart Cities Mission

As per Smart Cities Guidelines , the objective is to promote cities that provide core infrastructure and give a decent  quality  of  life  to  its  citizens, a clean and sustainable environment and application of 'Smart' Solutions.

Media reports says that government approved an allocation of Rs.2.73 lakh crore over the next 10 years for 100 Smart Cities and 500 NURM habitations for modernization of cities. 

The core axes or dimensions identified in a smart city would include:

1. Smart Governance
2. Smart Energy
3. Smart Environment
4. Smart Transportation
5. Smart IT & Communications
6. Smart Buildings
7. Smart Health Hospitals
8. Smart Education

Smart Environment

In Smart Cities Mission, Smart Environment is actually sustainable environment that termed as "a state in which the demands placed on the environment can be met without reducing its capacity to allow all people to live well, now and in the future". 

As per an article on Make In India, Smart Environment is defined for sustainable development, and three crucial dimension for this are identified as Renewable Energy, Water and Waste Water Management and Sanitation.

 Challenges for Smart Environment

Air pollution harms human health and the environment directly, and the air quality exceeds emission limits for several air pollutants that pose serious health risks: ozone, nitrogen dioxide, and particulate matter (PM). The danger is local, regional, and international because the atmospheric air currents may carry air pollution emitted in one country long distances to other locations, resulting in poor air quality there.

However, there are already projects that show the potential for small, low-cost air sensing networks and demonstrate how the public could tap into this data to make a real impact on individual lives. Air Quality Egg is a community-led air quality sensing network for urban air pollution, driven by inexpensive, DIY sensors. Similarly, Airtext provides daily forecasts of air quality in London.
"Air quality monitoring is extremely important as air pollution has a direct impact on human health."
Environmental noise is also a major environmental problem. It can have physiological and psychological effects on people, interfering with basic activities such as sleep, rest, study, and communication.


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